Poster advertising fake certificates in a Manila street stall


The certificates illustrated on this page could be genuine, but the implication is that you can purchase an equivalent for yourself.

Below I have placed three extracts fom the Internet discussing the problem of fake degrees in Russia. From my general browsing of the topic it appears that Internet sites in the US and Britain issue most of the fake certifications.

"The challenge for many economies is the fact that the acquisition of credible credentials, particularly educational credentials, is often incredibly difficult, particularly for families in undeveloped or developing nations. After all, when a family cannot afford to eat, the probability that such a family can afford to send their children to higher education is incredibly low. Faced with these kinds of barriers, one option is to simply purchase the credential required, hoping, that such a credential is never verified."

“In a country where internet penetration is growing and growing, there are now dozens of firms that sell phony education credentials printed on official (read: stolen) government paper. What's the cost of a fake degree? It can cost from $400 to $900, depending on the seller and the graduation year that the buyer wants to have printed on the diploma (the design has changed a few times since the mid-1990s, and it is more expensive to have the more recent designs). For more considerable sums, between $10,000 and 50,000 Euros (or 340,000 to 1.7 million rubles), diploma buyers can have their fake credentials "registered," so that their records will appear in the university's own database-as well as that of the Ministry of Science and Education.”

“The number of postgraduate degrees has skyrocketed since the collapse of the Soviet Union. About 30 percent of the holders purchased their dissertations, said Mikhail Kirpichnikov, head of the Higher Attestation Commission, the government agency that regulates the granting of postgraduate degrees, reported in 2006. In 2008, Oleg Kutafin, former rector of the Moscow State Law Academy, put the figure at 50 percent.”

A Bill Board advertising fake certificates - Manila
Sample of a Department of Foreign Affairs Authentication Certificate in a street stall in Manila

Certificate Live Birth in a Manila Street Stall
Certificate of completion - street stall in Manila
Official Transcript of Records in a Manila Street Stall
Assorted Cards at a Manila street stall
A marriage certificate in a street stall in Manila